The earth’s atmosphere is composed of gases that are not found in sufficient quantities on the surface. The amount of gases in the atmosphere is regulated by the processes of greenhouse effect. Global Warming is the increase of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases that are in the form of greenhouse gases (GHGs) molecules. The GHGs in the form of CO2 and CH4 molecules are produced by the burning of fossil fuels in automobiles, power plants, solid waste incineration and cement manufacture.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most abundant GHG in the atmosphere and is formed by the burning of fossil fuels, by volcanoes and decaying vegetation. CO2 is important in the cooling and warming of the earth. In 1880 there was a reduction in emissions of CO2 (it is believed that the industrial revolution was the cause), but since then emissions have increased and so has the earth’s temperature. There are some gases that are not emitted in sufficient quantities to have an effect on the atmosphere and they are not affected by global warming. These are methane (CH4), water vapour (H2O) and nitrous oxide (NOx). Methane (CH4) is formed as a result of the decomposition of organic matter such as manure. Water vapour (H2O) is formed by the condensation of water from evaporating water from evaporation taken from the soil in the atmosphere. Nitrous oxide (NOx) is produced in large quantities by the combustion of coal.
In the short period of a few years, the temperature increases are rapid in the North and South Poles, and in the tropics and cold deserts. In the mid-Atlantic, mid-western and eastern United States the temperature increases are slower. So the increase is much less in those areas than in other areas. In the tropics the temperature rises rapidly and in the Arctic the increase is slower. When the greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere it is thought that this may have contributed to the glacial periods. The greenhouse gases that are not in the atmosphere in sufficient quantities to be taken up by the plants are formed from the breakdown of organic matter that is put into the soil.
GHGs in the atmosphere are believed to be causing the Global Warming phenomenon. The Global Warming phenomenon is caused by the release of the GHGs into the atmosphere. The increase in the greenhouse effect, may be a contributor to global warming. The GHGs released into the atmosphere have been absorbed by the ocean or become part of the precipitation. It does not appear that the increase in greenhouse effect is the primary cause of global warming, but may be a contributor.
The GHGs have a cooling effect on the atmosphere. This greenhouse effect has helped the plants to grow better than other plants. In the future, further research is need to understand the factors that could contribute to the GHGs having a contributing effect to global warming.
In future studies, the temperature of the ocean will be measured to understand the temperature of the water that is in the ocean.
Future studies are planned to measure the greenhouse gases and they will know what the impact of the GHGs is.
This new study on carbon dioxide measurement will be available on the web.